Fractal Art

R day 1:

Fractal Background

I am reading Godel, Escher, Bach, and recursion is one of the main topics the book discussed. Recursion is a pattern and never ends, or goes to infinite. ( EX. Bach’s Fugue, Escher’s stairs, Godel incompleteness theorem).

I remember there was a Fractal Artbook in my home, i used to flip through when i didnt want to study. I think Fractal Art is one of the most interesting recursion topics!

geralt / Pixabay

Fractal Art is a never-ending self -similar pattern across different scales, like the snowflakes (Koch Snowflake).

Today we will be using GGPLOT2 to draw a fractal!

Fractal Basic

we use complex plain to express fractals.

 Z=(a+b*i), i= sqrt(-1) 

General Recursive formula algorithm

the initial value is C, then we repeating the calculations!

 Z_{N}=Z_{n-1}^{2} +C, C=a+b*i 

R Code

 

library(ggplot2)

max_iter=25
cl=colours()
step=seq(-2,0.8,by=0.005)
points=array(0,dim=c(length(step)^2,3))
t=0

for(a in step)
{
  for(b in step+0.6)
  {
    x=0;y=0;n=0;dist=0
    while(n<max_iter & dist<4)
    {
      n=n+1
      newx=a+x^2-y^2
      newy=b+2*x*y
      dist=newx^2+newy^2
      x=newx;y=newy
    }

    if(dist<4)
    { 
      color=24 # black
    }
    else
    {
      color=n*floor(length(cl)/max_iter)
    }

    t=t+1
    points[t,]=c(a,b,color)
  }
}

df=as.data.frame(points)    



ggplot(data=df, aes(V1, V2, color=cl[V3]))+ 
geom_point() + theme(legend.position = 'none',
                     axis.text.x=element_blank(), 
     axis.text.y=element_blank(),
  panel.background=element_blank(),
  axis.title.x=element_blank(), 
    axis.title.y=element_blank(),
  panel.grid.major=element_blank(), 
  panel.grid.minor=element_blank(),
   axis.ticks=element_blank()
  )

 

Summary

Besides fun to look at the fractal artwork, it has practical applications. Such as fractal dimensions provide a solution to measuring the coastline (coastline Paradox).

Reference:

http://www.r-chart.com/2010/08/fractals-in-r.html

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