The Game of 31

Thirty-One:

Last weekend, 77 recommended me to watch a TV shows, High Intelligent Players, ้ซ˜่ƒฝ็Žฉๅฎถ.

Among the games they played, there is a game of 31, I think it is very interesting.

Game Rules:

There are 4 sets of 1 to 6.

1๐Ÿ–ค

2๐Ÿ–ค

3๐Ÿ–ค

4๐Ÿ–ค

5๐Ÿ–ค

6๐Ÿ–ค

1โค

2โค

3โค

4โค

5โค

6โค

1๐Ÿ

2๐Ÿ

3๐Ÿ

4๐Ÿ

5๐Ÿ

6๐Ÿ

1๐Ÿ”ท

2๐Ÿ”ท

3๐Ÿ”ท

4๐Ÿ”ท

5๐Ÿ”ท

6๐Ÿ”ท

 

  • Player A and Player B take turns to pick a card and annouce
     the running total
  • Continue playing until the player makes the total 31 wins
  • If the player goes over 31 loses.

Can we search for a Winning Strategy for 31?

 a player‘s strategy is any of the options which he or she chooses in a setting where the outcome depends not only on their own actions but on the actions of others. A player’s strategy will determine the action which the player will take at any stage of the game.

geralt / Pixabay

Solution:

Thought Progress:

After exploring the game, we notice if the play A arrives 24, then no matter which number(1-6) player B put down, player A can definitely call out 31, and wins the game. Continuing the same fashion, 17,10 are also the critical points for this game.  

Question: MUST we call our 10,17,24 in order to win 31?

Answer: Not necessarily because there are only 4 sets of numbers.

Example 1: 

Player A

5

2

2

2

Player B

5

5

5

x

 

In this Game Player B has 10, 17, 24, theoretically, Player B can call out 31, however, the game ran out of 5 (only 4 set of numbers), so Player B has to either call 6, the sum will be 32, the game exploded.  Player B can call anything smaller than 5, then play A will call (7-x), Player A wins.

Example 2:

Player A

2

4

4

4

x

Player B

4

3

3

3

 

 

In this round, The player A in order to call 10, 17,24  used all the 4s. therefore, Player A either exploded in the 5th term or pick another number smaller than 4, either way, Player B will win this game.

Similarly, in this case:

Player A

3

3

3

3

x

Player B

4

4

4

4

 

 

or :

Player A

1

1

1

Player B

1

6

6

 

It seems like in the above 4 cases, Player B has a better chance of winning, however, the game of 31 does Favor Player A (First Mover), if player A chooses the correct first number, and be aware of consuming too many of the same number.

Happy Studying while playing games ๐Ÿ!

 

 

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